## Break-Even Analysis: Formula and Calculation

If customer demand and sales are higher for the company in a certain period, its variable costs will also move in the same direction and increase (and vice versa). The formula for calculating the break-even point (BEP) involves taking the total fixed costs and dividing the amount by the contribution margin per unit. In reality, you’ll have to make multiple adjustments to your fixed as well as variable costs and selling price till you find a reasonable balance in the units and sales revenue. Break-even analysis in business plan is a financial metric that any company uses to determine the level at which its total revenue will be able to cover its total cost of production. At this level, the company will be in a no profit and no loss situation. This metric helps the business to identify which is that production level which ensures that the total cost of production is covered.

- This computes the total number of units that must be sold in order for the company to generate enough revenues to cover all of its expenses.
- This formula gives you the total number of units you should sell (sales volume) to reach a break-even point.
- The price of goods sold at fluctuates, and the cost of raw materials may hardly stay stable.
- A breakeven point is used in multiple areas of business and finance.
- The contribution margin represents the revenue required to cover a business’ fixed costs and contribute to its profit.

Upmetrics business planning app helps you calculate and evaluate the break-even for your complex business processes with introducing xeros new app marketplace utmost ease. Its guided approach, AI-powered functionality, and automated detailed forecasts make it easier even for the new planners to calculate break-even. Break-even analysis might just be a small part of a larger financial planning approach. It, however, is an important metric to help you regulate the costs, strategize the pricing, and set realistic goals. Similarly, you can optimize the inventory, automate the tasks, and reduce the wastage to eventually bring down your variable costs.

## Break-Even Point Formula

For instance, if management decided to increase the sales price of the couches in our example by $50, it would have a drastic impact on the number of units required to sell before profitability. They can also change the variable costs for each unit by adding more automation to the production process. Lower variable costs equate to greater profits per unit and reduce the total number that must be produced.

## Formula For Break-Even Point

Our mission is to empower readers with the most factual and reliable financial information possible to help them make informed decisions for their individual needs. Our goal is to deliver the most understandable and comprehensive explanations of financial topics using simple writing complemented by helpful graphics and animation videos. This team of experts helps Finance Strategists maintain the highest level of accuracy and professionalism possible. Using the algebraic method, we can also identify the break-even point in unit or dollar terms, as illustrated below.

In our example, Barbara had to produce and sell 2,500 units to cover the factory expenditures and had to produce 3,500 units in order to meet her profit objectives. It’s the amount of sales the company can afford to lose but still cover its expenditures. This computes the total number of units that must be sold in order for the company to generate enough revenues to cover all of its expenses.

## Break-Even Point in Units

This makes it almost impossible to always have a most up-to-date, accurate breakeven point. This margin indicates how much of each unit’s sales revenue contributes to covering fixed costs and generating profit once fixed costs are met. For example, if a product sells for $10 but only incurs $3 of variable costs per unit, the product has a contribution margin of $7. Note that a product’s contribution margin may change (i.e. it may become more or less efficient to manufacture additional goods). The total fixed costs are $50k, and the contribution margin ($) is the difference between the selling price per unit and the variable cost per unit.

It helps businesses understand the minimum sales needed to cover expenses. If the company can increase its contribution margin per unit to $8 (by fringe benefit tax perhaps lowering its per unit variable cost), it only needs to sell 8,750 ($70,000 / $8) to break even. To find the total units required to break even, divide the total fixed costs by the unit contribution margin. Since that would require extensive analysis, we have just used sales revenue as a proxy and divided it by a total number of units to derive the price per unit. The gross sales for 2018 were $133,045MM, which, when divided by 8,384,000, gives a price per unit of $15,869.

This point is also known as the minimum point of production when total costs are recovered. At the break-even point, the total cost and selling price are equal, and the firm neither gains nor losses. Calculating breakeven points can be used when talking about a business or with traders in the market when they consider recouping losses or some initial outlay.

• It evaluates financial risk by highlighting how changes in sales, costs, or pricing impact profitability. First and foremost, SoFi Learn strives to be a beneficial resource to you as you navigate your financial journey.We develop content that covers a variety of financial topics. Break-even analysis also can be used to assess how sales volume would need to change to justify other potential investments.

## Ask Any Financial Question

Strategies include improving organization, using productivity apps, and outsourcing strategically. The result could be an under-priced product and a company that struggles to keep its books in the black. Break-even analysis can help you identify that situation so you can rectify it. This may include the purchase cost and other additional costs like labor and freight costs. Performing break-even analysis is a crucial activity for making important business decisions and to be profitable in business. To start and sustain a small business it is important to know financial terms and metrics like net sales, income statement and most importantly break-even point.